Artistic images are the result of the reflection of objects of reality
Literary images are not just a reflectionreality, but also its generalization. The author not only shows how he sees real reality, he creates his own, a new fictional world. With the help of images, the artist depicts his personal idea of real life, the perception of natural events.
What is a literary image?
The artistic image in literature is a formreflection of reality, any single phenomenon that the author reinterprets with the help of fantasy and recreates in his work. An image can be understood as a separate element of the whole idea, which at the same time has its own content and "lives independently". For example, the nature of the character in literature or symbolic images in the poetry of Alexander Pushkin, M. Yu. Lermontov, and others.
The definition of the artistic image gavecomparatively recently the German writer and philosopher IV Goethe. However, the problem of how to create an image, faced the creators of the word back in ancient times. This was reflected by Aristotle and formalized his arguments in the whole doctrine. And the term was widely used in the world of literature and art after the publication of certain articles by Hegel.
Characteristics of the result of object reflection
There are several characteristics thathelp to understand that images are precisely the result of the reflection of objects, rather than details or artistic expressive means of literary speech. They have such characteristics:
1. The image is the result of an artistic generalization of reality.
2. It is not separated from its real prototype and after the author's creative rethinking the latter reflects the writer's opinion.
3. The literary figure helps to understand certain features of the author's worldview. With its help, the reader can determine the position of the author in the work, which is often required for the analysis of the text, finding the problem that rises.
4. Literary images have functions of symbols and they can be interpreted in many ways. Here everything depends on the reader's complicity, how seriously a person perceives this or that result of the object's reflection, as he sees it. The reader attaches some importance to the image. Perceives him each in his own way.
5. The image can be either author's, that is, appeared due to the assessment of the world by the artist, and traditional, that is, taken from folk culture or mythology.
The result of human reflection in literature
The artistic image of a person becomes different within the course of time, as the person himself changes, his world view, and therefore one needs to depict the person in a different way. As the development of creativity changes priorities in relation to the human figure, the form. For example, the image of a person in classical literature is accompanied by a sense of duty and honor. And positive heroes always give preference to this, sacrificing personal happiness. And in romantic poetry and prose, the author places above all the relationship of the character and society, his interaction with the surrounding world.
How is the image created?
In literature, the image of the hero is formed by using the author of some means:
1. The character must have a first name, a surname and a patronymic. Although there are cases when the authors did not call their heroes, but called them simply the Lord. Speaking names and surnames are also very common, especially among the classics. For example, Ms. Prostakova and Mitrofan from the comedy of D. Fonvizin "Nedorosl".
2. Portrait of the hero. The author describes the character, appearance or any details characterizing the character. For example, an unfolded portrait of Chichikov is presented to us by NV Gogol in his poem "Dead Souls".
3. The interior characterizing the character. In the novel by IA Goncharov "Oblomov" the author gives us a description of the apartment in which the main character lives.
4. Character actions, reflecting its essence.
5. Artistic details. In the novel "Oblomov" is a worn-out gown of the hero and his big house slippers. And in the work of Ivan Turgenev "Fathers and Sons" such a detail becomes Bazarov's weather-beaten hands without gloves.
It is not easy to create images, it requires a lot of attention to every detail and phrase pronounced by the hero.
The images of female representatives areseparate conversation. Much attention is paid to such figures in the works of A. Pushkin "Eugene Onegin" and A. S. Griboedov "Woe from Wit". These female images are considered the personification of honesty, kindness, young girl's beauty. But, despite some similarities, the characters have different characters.
Sofya Famusova is a controversial character. She is not much like her father in many respects, but she has not decided what time she belongs to - "to the present or to the past age". Sofya reads French novels at night, is in love with Molchalin, but without hesitation dissolves the gossip about Chatsky's madness.
Tatiana Larina is a gentle, romanticin kind. She - the "people's soul", brought up by a nanny, is different from her sister. For the first time she experienced a wonderful feeling of love, having already reached adulthood, while her sister did not long grieve about the death of the groom in a duel. Tatyana is the favorite female image of Pushkin, which is not surprising.
However, today's youth can take as an example for themselves any of these personalities, as they are multifaceted and have become ideals for their creators.
We talked about the results of the object's reflection in theliterature and came to the following conclusions. Artistic images - this is what requires the reader to understand and inspire. The reader himself gives the figure some qualities that only he knows. The artistic image is inexhaustible, just like our life itself.