Bavarian mountain hound: a description of the breed, nature and interesting facts
This dog is not often found on the streets, evenlarge Russian cities. Bavarian mountain hound - an animal rare and, without exaggeration, exclusive. These rather stubborn animals dog experts are not recommended to start as pets.
The Bavarian mountain hound is very affectionate toowner, but requires special education. For her training you need experience and skill. The hunting qualities of the Bavarian mountain have received a well-deserved recognition in Germany, but outside the country of origin the breed has not found wide distribution.
History of the breed
The Bavarian mountain hound appeared in Germany, inXIX century. Although similar references have been preserved in documents dating from the 15th century. Such hunting dogs were common in the court of the King of Bavaria. They were taken out for catching deer and roe deer in a difficult mountainous area.
Ancestor of our today's heroine wasHannover hound, specializing in the search for prey on the blood trail. However, it soon became clear that she was not adapted to work in the mountainous area - the hound was working on a leash, and the owner, who was moving behind the dog, risked to break off the cliff.
In the seventies of the XIX century, the Hanoverian houndscrossed with Tyrolean and Austrian hounds. As a result, the Bavarian mountain hound appeared, which showed excellent results in mountainous conditions. Officially, this breed was recognized in 1912. Interestingly, the breed standard was developed much earlier - in 1870, when the breed was only bred. Until today it is in force.
This breed owes its appearance to Baron Karl Reichenhall. A passionate hunter of the hunt, he dreamed of getting a dog that could work actively towards the mountainous country of Bavaria on the blood trail.
Bavarian mountain hound: a description of the breed
A compact medium-sized dog has shortlimbs and pretty sturdy physique. The head is somewhat elongated, with a pointed muzzle, rounded hanging ears. The limbs are muscular, paws oval in shape. Straight croup ends in medium length with a saber-like tail.
The sex of the dog does not greatly affect the growth of the animal. In the dog, the height at the withers is 52 cm, and in the witches - 48 cm. The average weight of the Bavarian hound in accordance with the standard should not exceed twenty-five kilograms. The wool is dense and short, moderately stiff, adjacent to the body. On the ears and head - more thin and soft, on the tail, limbs and abdomen - stiff and long.
The standard allows for the red color of differentshades and tiger. On the back, the color of the coat is more intense than the rest of the trunk. Darker than the primary color, the mask covers the face and ears. The tail is black. Small white markings on the chest are allowed.
Character and temperament
Bavarian mountain hound - balanced,obedient, benevolent, very affectionate and faithful to his master dog. With strangers, he behaves rather restrained, but at the same time he never shows aggression. But it is necessary to take into account that in the first place it is an indispensable assistant hunter.
The unique flair of these animals allowsthe success of using them in the police, the rescue service, and, of course, they are irreplaceable on the hunt. Another interesting fact: the Bavarian mountain hound, unlike most similar breeds, never runs away from the owner. Despite the huge hunting enthusiasm, she does not even lose sight of him in the forest and regularly resorts to "notice".
According to the owners of these animals, the "Bavarian"at home and hunting - these are two completely different dogs. In the house the dog behaves calmly and amicably, although he does not tolerate familiarity, and on the hunt he drastically changes his behavior, becomes a gambler, capable of making independent decisions.
If we compare the "Bavarian" with other hounds, thendogs of this breed win in many respects: they are quite light, very fast and energetic, which allows them to perform brilliantly on rough terrain. The Bavarian hounds are smart and smart, but categorically do not accept force and pressure. When raising a puppy, it is more expedient to use cunning and sharpness, and then your pet will thank you with obedience and fidelity.
Maintenance and care
Care for the Bavarian hound is simple. Difficulties can only be delivered by strong molting. Bathe this dog no more often than once every two months. It is required to closely monitor the state of the hanging ears of the animal. They need to be inspected regularly (once every ten days) and cleaned with a cotton swab dampened with boiled water.
Mountain hounds need long walks and physical activities that will keep the animal in excellent form between hunting.
The Bavarian hound does not suffer from lack of appetite. However, the owners should take into account that the nutrition of the dog during the service and at rest should differ not only in caloric content, but also in the quality composition of the feed. With active activity, your pet will need 30% more protein. In the autumn-winter period, it is desirable to increase the number of animal fats.
Less fat can be compensated forincrease in carbohydrates. As a rule, these are porridges and vegetable supplements, as well as dried wheat or rye bread. Pre-it must be soaked in milk or broth.
Hunting instinct in these animals is developed withof birth, therefore the process of hunting itself gives them great pleasure. An inexperienced owner when training his pet can face stubbornness and obstinacy of the representatives of this breed.
The Bavarian mountain hound is extremely sensitiveto correcting the methods of training, so it is advisable to avoid this by basing the lessons on the incentive system. Training should be systematic. They must be conducted by a person who has appropriate experience in the education of such breeds.
Where to buy a puppy?
Often hunters are interested: "Where to get a puppy of this breed of good level?" To begin with, you should decide what you are investing in this concept. If you mean an exhibition animal, then it is still difficult in our country. Representatives of this breed are not yet "spoiled" by different shows. As a rule, the selection of animals is carried out according to working qualities.
Thoroughbred "Bavarians" is in fact veryLittle. Interestingly, in the homeland of the breed (in Germany), as in ancient times, puppies of the Bavarian mountain hound are sold only to officially registered hunters. The best livestock is also available in Slovakia, Czech Republic, Poland and Latvia.
In recent years, and in Russia you can find a nurseryBavarian mountain hounds. In Kostroma, for example, for the tenth year, the Goddeshant nursery operates, which has an excellent reputation among dog handlers and animal owners. Since 2007, professional cynologists have been engaged in breeding and selling Bavarian hound puppies here.
We can recommend you nurseries: "Bird's Nest", located in the Moscow region (Vidnoe), as well as Amber Hope in Yaroslavl.
Bavarian mountain hound: price
Due to the fact that this dog is prettyrare in our country, it is not cheap. The cost of the puppy can vary depending on the region. The average price in Moscow is now 40 thousand rubles. It may be lower if the puppy does not have all the necessary accompanying documents. But in this case you risk acquiring a half-breed.