Calendula - the benefits and harm, application and popular recipes
Calendula, or marigold - widely used medicinal raw materials. A huge range of natural organic compounds in its flowers, allows you to use drugs based on marigolds in a variety of cases: from the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases to the treatment of burns. In the article I will discuss in detail the beneficial properties and contraindications of calendula.
Medicinal properties of calendula flowers
What are the most important and beneficial substances for humans in marigold flowers?
- Carotenoids. Responsible for orange colored petals.
- Lutein, which a person receives only from plant foods or lutein supplements, is especially important for the normal functioning of vision. It has been scientifically proven that a lack of lutein leads to early depletion of the retina and clouding of the lens.
- Lycopene- Another antioxidant contained in the nails, the benefits of which are enormous. Low levels of lycopene in the blood increases the likelihood of heart disease, cataracts, and even some cancers.
- Saponins. They have an ambiguous effect on the body: on the one hand, they can provoke allergies, on the other hand, they can dilute phlegm with cough and bronchitis. In the pharmaceutical industry they are used in syrups and collections for expectoration.
- Essential oil. The most pleasant way to use it is aromatherapy. It is also used in anti-inflammatory and antitussive drugs.
- Salicylic acid. Known component of ointments intended for the treatment of skin diseases.
Calendula dry flowers are sold packaged in briquettes, which is very convenient - you need to brew one briquette in a glass of boiling water and leave for half an hour. This infusion can rinse your mouth several times a day to treat periodontal disease, stomatitis or exacerbation of tonsillitis. The aroma of the infusion is pleasant in itself, unlike many medicinal fees, and rinsing will not be a burden.
On the basis of the extract of Calendula petals, Caleflon preparation was created, which is used for exacerbations of various gastrointestinal diseases: gastritis or ulcers. Kaleflon helps relieve a painful condition by relieving inflammation.
Medicinal properties of calendula tincture
Alcoholic tincture of calendula is available in bottles of 50 ml and contains 70% ethanol (regular alcohol). It is used for infectious diseases, especially sore throat or bronchitis, to relieve inflammation and disinfection. Tincture has a choleretic effect in the treatment of chronic cholecystitis. It is recommended to rinse your mouth with alcohol tincture of marigolds and to get rid of stomatitis.
Well with tincture do lotions for wounds and burns - salicylic acid promotes healing of the skin and prevents inflammation. As before rinsing the throat, you must first dilute it with water (a teaspoon per glass).
Healing properties of the ointment
Calendula ointment has a pleasant odor and a brownish tinge. It is indispensable for the restoration of skin tissue, because it has not only anti-inflammatory, but also a regenerating effect. In the case of purulent wounds, you must first clean and dry the injured area, then apply ointment (in a small portion, with about a pea for small injuries) and apply a bandage.
Marigold ointment is used to heal anal fissures - for this, it is convenient to smear a tampon with medicine and inject it into the rectum twice a day.
Another disease that calendula successfully fights is varicose veins and other phlebitis.In this case, the ointment is applied with a very thick layer, not rubbed and left overnight. It is recommended to put soft paper under the bandage - for example, the one used for baking in the oven. It is advisable to do such procedures during the day, changing dressings every 8 hours. This method helps in the treatment of ulcers - trophic or varicose.
Contraindications and harm to calendula
Frequent contraindications that prevent the use of calendula preparations - idiosyncrasy or allergy to the plant. If irritation of the skin or oral cavity will have to pay attention to other herbal remedies. However, when applying an ointment on a wound, you should not be afraid of a slight scratching or irritation sensation - this is a normal skin reaction to the active substances of calendula.
Calendula ointment is not intended for the treatment of mucous membranes - in case of contact with eyes or mouth, rinse immediately with water. Calendula can also cause GI dysbacteriosis.
Who is not recommended to use calendula?
- Small children. The ointment can only be used by children older than six years, because there is no reliable information about its side effects at a younger age, and even a child can easily swallow it or rub eyes. Alcohol tincture inside, for obvious reasons, children also can not be given.
- Pregnant and lactating. Even in the case of ointment, care must be taken, not to mention the use of infusions.
- Hypotonics and patients with bradycardia(pulse below 55), because the infusion of calendula lowers blood pressure.Hypertensive note - 30 drops to a quarter cup of warm water, taken orally.
Little is known about the combination of drugs of marigolds and other drugs, but it is undesirable to use with sedatives and sedatives.If you have chronic diseases or other medicines, you should definitely check with your doctor if you can and how to use tincture or ointment of calendula.
Recipes cooking infusion and decoction of calendula
The use of marigold does not end on industrial preparations and medicinal raw materials. Cosmetologists have accumulated rich experience in using flowers and essential oils of calendula. Yes, and prepare the infusion or decoction of calendula at home is not difficult.
The main difference between the infusion and the tincture is that the first one is water based, the tincture is always alcoholic.
Tincture at home - recipe and use
If there is a calendula bought at the pharmacy or dry flowers collected in the country house, you can use the popular recipe for making marigold infusion:
- Dilute: 1 tablespoon + 1 cup of boiling water.
- Insist: on a water bath for 10 minutes, without a bath - half an hour, in a thermos - 15-20 minutes.
- Cool, strain, store at a temperature no higher than +4◦FROM.
- Shelf life: 48 hours.
Infusion can rinse your mouth, wash the wounds. If we talk about skin care, it is useful to make foot baths with the addition of calendula, wipe your face with cotton pads soaked in a cold infusion. To save time in the morning, pre-pour the prepared infusion in ice tins and freeze it. Such icy fragrant cubes will not only refresh the complexion and tone, but also wake up completely after a night's sleep.
Calendula for different skin types - folk remedies
At home, just make a remedy based on the marigold by skin type:
- Infusion + potato starch for sensitive skin. The mask should have the consistency of jelly. Application: apply on face and rinse off after 20 minutes.
- Calendula petals juice + lemon juice in equal proportions for whitening skin and removing freckles.
- 30 g of calendula (2 tablespoons) + 2 tablespoons of hazelnut powder for half a liter of water for oily skin. Such a lotion is infused for several hours and perfectly heals acne and pustules.Alcohol tincture will also dry problem skin.
Not only calendula extract is effective against acne. You can make your own ointment for the treatment of acne: just mix in a container any face cream, best nourishing, with dried flowers of marigolds and rub them until smooth. Suitable for use in the morning and evening.
The broth is prepared according to the following step-by-step recipe
- 30 or 60 g (two filters) of dry flowers pour three cups of cold water (750 ml).
- Boil for an hour on low heat.
- Take a glass several times a day.
In addition to its tonic effect on the body, decoction of marigolds is good for rinsing hair. To get involved in this procedure is not necessary, it is enough to repeat once a week and a half. Calendula is especially recommended for oily hair and for drying the scalp, wound healing and scratching.
For dry hair, a mask with tincture of simple ingredients is suitable:
- Teaspoon calendula tincture;
- Three tablespoons of burdock oil;
- Two egg yolks.
Apply the mask for 30 minutes before washing the hair: apply, leave for half an hour and then wash the head.
Unusual Calendula Applications: Popular Wisdom
What else, besides medical infusions and decoctions, can be made from marigolds? For example, it is easy to prepare calendula syrup at home.
For this you will need:
- half a liter of calendula decoction;
- a pound of honey (in the case of allergies - sugar).
Heat the mixture in a saucepan and stirring the ingredients to achieve complete dissolution. Store the cooled syrup in opaque containers and drink a teaspoon three times a day.
Calendula essential oil sold in pharmacies can also be made by yourself.
- Fresh flowers of marigold place in a transparent jar or bowl, close tightly and place in a sunny place.
- At the bottom there will be an oil concentrate, which is useful as a salad dressing, which has a beneficial effect on the immune system and skin care.
With a calendula, you can even make a sponge - essential oil is useful. Mix two teaspoons of butter with a glass of oatmeal (200 g) and put the mixture in a linen bag.
Calendula is a real treasure trove of beneficial herbal ingredients. It is useful to have filters with dry flowers or tincture at home - the plant will quickly relieve inflammation, ease sore throat, speed healing of wounds and cuts,Will have a beneficial effect on faded or problem skin. The beneficial properties of a hundred times higher than contraindications, but for the safety of health, be sure to consult your doctor before using calendula.