Cooper is ... Who are bonders and what do they do?
The XXI century is the epoch of globalindustrialization and automation of all production processes. Against this background, traditional crafts seem to be something very ancient, archaic. One of the forgotten crafts is bondage.
Who are the bonders? What are they doing? And what are the meanings of the word "kondari"?
Antique crafts in the modern world
Under the craft means small-scale production,with the use of manual work and primitive tools. It is also often called "handicraft production", and the corresponding workers are "handicraftsmen".
The first crafts arose long ago, and a longthe path of development, mutating and taking new forms. In the Middle Ages, they contributed to the formation of separate layers of urban society. The industrial revolution (XVIII - early XIX century) led to the gradual displacement of artisans to the "roadside" of social and economic life.
The modern world is transnationalcorporations, large industrial concerns and mass production. It would seem that there is simply no place for traditional crafts in such a world. Nevertheless, they continue to live and develop. Even in the field of information technology, nowadays our "artisans" (copywriters, specialists in SMM, etc.) are born, and they are very, very in demand!
To traditional (historical) it is necessary to carry the following crafts:
- blacksmith craft;
- joiner's craft and others.
Cooper is ... Meaning of the word
So who are these bonders? What and how do they produce? Let's answer these questions.
Cooper is a master of barrels(sometimes - and some other products made of wood). And the corresponding craft is called cooper. Previously, it was spread everywhere. Today, it is much more difficult to meet a real cooper. However, their craft is still relevant. After all, the wine and cognac industry needs wooden barrels.
Where does the term "cooper" come from? This word, most likely, has Ukrainian roots. From the Ukrainian language it is translated as a "barrel". It is curious that in the medieval Scandinavia the word "bond" was distributed. So in the Scandinavian countries they called a free, free person.
Surname Bondar and its counterparts in the world
One can not help recalling another interesting fact. This profession gave birth to a rather common name - Bondar. It is very popular in Russia, Ukraine, Moldova and Belarus.
Other nations of the world have its analogs. What surnames were born from cooperage business in other countries, you can see in the following table:
|United Kingdom, United States||Cooper|
Cooper is not just entertainment or tributetraditions. This is very hard work, requiring the master considerable skills and abilities. In addition, at the disposal of the cooperator a whole arsenal of tools that you need to be able to use correctly. In addition to the trivial and familiar to all the ax among them, there are also exotic tools: utniknik, fuganok, plots.
Wooden barrels - a thing, it would seem, is simple. But it only seems so at first glance. The modern cooper should be both a carpenter, a machine operator, and a tinsmith. He must be well versed in the types of trees: not every wood is suitable for this business (oak, heather and linden are best suited for the production of barrels and caskets). The skills of carpentry here are also important, because you need to perfectly fit each other all the bars and bottoms.
To become a good bonder, you should have threemain qualities. This is the extreme accuracy, accuracy and excellent coordination of movements. Bondarias are in demand today, first of all, in the wine-making and chemical industries. The work of such masters is estimated at about 30-50 thousand rubles.