Day of the Black Sea Fleet. history of the holiday
For many years now in Russiascale and coloring marks the Day of the Black Sea Fleet. He has to on May 13. The tradition to celebrate the above date appeared long ago, but it was officially fixed only in 1996.
What is remarkable about this grandiose holiday - the Day of the Black Sea Fleet?
In many Russian cities on May 13ceremonial parades are organized, obelisks and memorials are given tribute to the memory of the sailors who lost their lives in the wars. To the glory of these defenders of the Motherland there is a solemn moleben. And this is not all the events that memorize the great date - the Day of the Black Sea Fleet. But about them a little later. First about how the flotilla on the Black Sea was born.
Of course, the beginning of the glorious history of the squadronput such famous admirals as Ushakov, Nakhimov, Lazarev, Kuznetsov. It was the Russian ships, which were bisarized on the Black Sea, that influenced the course of events of the First World and Crimean wars. And during the Great Patriotic War they played one of the main roles in the defense of the Crimea, the North Caucasus and Sevastopol.
Everybody knows that back in 1783 the groupships of the Azov flotilla, numbering 11 units, crossed the water area of the Black Sea bay (Akhtiarskaya). It happened on May 13: this date is known to contemporaries as the Day of the Black Sea Fleet. After a while she joined the squadron of the Dnepropetrovsk Flotilla. As a result, 28 combat marine ships formed the backbone of the newly-fledged Russian fleet. After the Crimea became Russian, Russian autocrat Catherine II ordered the formation of the Black Sea Fleet, which was headed by Admiral Fyodor Klokachev. His naval army influenced the course of events in the war with Turkey and France. However, the Crimean War, the flotilla lost in 1856, and an international document was signed in the French capital, according to which Russia had been deprived of the prerogative of having a military army on the Black Sea. Only the provisions of the London Convention of 1871 eliminated the above injustice.
Recent milestones in history
The Black Sea Fleet in recent years has been a serious strategic object of the dispute between Russia and Ukraine, the bases of which were divided.
In 1994 in the Russian capital of the headThe above-mentioned states formally agreed that the army's problem in the Black Sea will have a step-by-step plan for the solution, but the principle of separation of the fleet document has remained in force.
Finally, at the beginning of the summer of 1997,Black Sea vessels hoisted the St. Andrew's flag. For the last several years, the Russian squadron on the Black Sea has been floating for huge distances to other countries with the purpose of exchanging experience. The exercises are conducted with Italian, French, Bulgarian, Greek, Indian, Egyptian naval forces.
Traditions of the holiday
The Day of the Black Sea Fleet of Russia is alreadyhas long gained its glorious traditions. Celebrations begin with the fact that sailors lay flowers and wreaths at the monument created in honor of the Tercentenary of the creation of the Black Sea Fleet. All day long from morning till night on the streets of Russian cities there are concerts, and Russians organize large-scale festivities. Congratulations on the Day of the Black Sea Fleet are spoken by the Commander-in-Chief of the squadron, as well as representatives of the state apparatus of our country. On this day receive insignia, government awards, valuable gifts and awards for sailors who distinguished themselves in the service. Naval vessels and signal flags are installed on ships.
Sevastopol always remember the festive traditions
And of course, the Day of the Black Sea Fleet of Russia with a special scale and breadth is celebrated in Sevastopol.
In the water area of the local bay are arrangedgrandiose military sporting event and a parade of ships. The residents and guests of the port year can see the military parade, festive concerts, take part in quizzes, competitions, sports competitions. Well and on some sea courts on May, 13th organize so-called Day of open doors when simple inhabitants can see with own eyes, how the life of the seaman is arranged.
So, comes May 13 - Day of the Black Seafleet, and the inhabitants of Sevastopol rush to the Officers' House to see the exposition of paintings by artists professionally painting seascapes. How not to visit the Museum of the Black Sea Fleet on the holiday to see a unique collection of cold and firearms, portraits of participants in military battles, Russian lithographs and much more?
In the evening time for Sevastopolsinging and dancing pop stars, and after a few hours over the bay an artillery salute will fire, after which no one at home does not disperse. Guests are left to enjoy the spectacular spectacle - fountains on the water.
Holiday this year
This year, May 13, the Day of the Black Sea Fleet, was also celebrated for glory. Again, in the first place it was felt in Sevastopol.
To the monument to the founder of the fleet - CatherineSecond, flowers were laid, and a prayer service was held in the garrison temple, attended by the head of the Black Sea Fleet headquarters Alexander Nosatov, representatives of the officers, fleet veterans and ordinary sailors. A gala concert was organized in the officers' house for sailors.
On the summer stage, which is located on thePrimorsky Boulevard, musicians and artists who came from the most remote corners of Russia. In 2015, the fleet's fleet will be expanded by several combat units, which can not but rejoice.
For the Russian people, the Day of Education of the Black Sea Fleet is an important and significant holiday.
The strength and power of the army on the Black Sea
At present, the Russian flotilla, based on the Black Sea, is the stronghold of the country's defense capability, namely its southern borders.
The army's arsenal is truly impressive: modern surface ships, high-tech submarines, missile-bearing, fighter and antisubmarine weapons. With such objects, we are not afraid of any external threats. Moreover, until 2020 our fleet will be replenished with modern sea vessels. Only in the current year it will include 3 destroyers and 4 submarines.