Geography, features of nature and the area of the Czech Republic. Interesting facts about the country
The Czech Republic is a young Europeana state that arose on the map of Europe in 1993 as a result of the dissolution of Czechoslovakia. What is interesting about this country today? What attracts millions of tourists from all over the world? What is the area of the Czech Republic and how many people live in it? You will learn all this from our article.
Czech Republic: area and geographical location
In which part of Europe is the republic located? Which countries directly borders the Czech Republic?
The area of the country is about 79,000 squarekilometers. This is roughly comparable with the Krasnodar region of Russia, or with three regions of Central Ukraine (for example, Cherkassy, Kirovograd and Poltava). It has about 10.5 million inhabitants in this territory (data as of July 2016).
To be more precise, the area of the Czech Republic (ths. km2) corresponds to a value of 78.86. The country is in the central part of Europe and has no access to the sea. The neighbors of the Czech Republic are four independent states: Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Austria. With all these countries, the republic maintains friendly relations. The Czech Republic has the longest interstate border with the Poles (658 km).
The modern area of the Czech Republic includes threehistorical areas. This is Moravia (in the east), Silesia (in the northeast), and also Bohemia (in the central part), which is considered the historical core of the Czech statehood.
The area of the Czech Republic may decrease?
The political map of Europe continueschange in our days. And this is not always the case because of revolutions, wars, or separatist manifestations. Sometimes the areas of states can vary slightly due to banal cartographic errors.
So, the area of the Czech Republic in the near future candecrease by 500 square kilometers. The fact is that recently the German cartographer Rolf Böhm discovered the discrepancy between the real area of his country and the specified data in official documents. He found out that the unaccounted "hectares" of German land are at the riverbed of the river Kirnich.
To solve the problem in the near futurea special cadastre commission will be created from representatives of both countries. It is possible that the borders of states after repeated measurements will be shifted in favor of Germany.
Internal division of the Czech Republic
In the administrative-territorial plan CzechThe republic is divided into 13 regions (territories) and the capital city of Prague. The regions, in turn, are divided into districts (there are 77 in all of them in this country). 6242 - this is the total number of settlements in the Czech Republic.
In each of the 13 regions there is a "president" (in Prague - the mayor) and a regional council. Areas include the territorial communities of the second and first (or lower) levels.
The capital and the largest city of the Czech Republic isPrague. Here live 1/9 of the population of the country. Prague is considered to be one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. At any time of year on its ancient streets one can see crowds of tourists - representatives of different countries and continents.
Do not bypass travelers and other interesting cities in the Czech Republic. Among those are Brno, Karlovy Vary, Cesky Krumlov, Kutna Hora, Pilsen, Litomyšl and others.
Natural features and landscapes
Czech Republic - is a variety of forms of relief (mountainridges, gentle hills and river canyons), mild climate and beautiful natural landscapes. In summer, the air temperature here rarely exceeds + 28-30 degrees, which makes staying in the country very comfortable.
The main Czech rivers are Odra, Laba and Vltava. The watercourses of this small country bear their fresh waters in three different seas of Europe (Black, Baltic and Northern). The highest point of the state is Mount Snezka (1602 meters).
The landscapes of the Czech Republic are very diverse. The historical area of Bohemia is surrounded on all sides by low, gentle mountains - the Sudetenlands. The eastern part of the country - Moravia - is a hilly and very picturesque area with an abundance of areas of virgin deciduous forest.
To protect natural resources, Czechs are verytremulous. Thus, it was here that in 1838 one of the first natural reserves in Europe was established. About 14% of the country's territory is under state protection. Perhaps the most beautiful in the Czech Republic is the nature reserve Šumava, which is famous for its numerous lakes, century-old trees and perfectly clean air.
8 interesting facts about the Czech Republic
Complete a short geographic sketch of this country can be a list of the most interesting facts about it. So, did you know that:
- Prostitution and certain types of drugs have been legalized in the Czech Republic;
- grammar and pronunciation of the Czech language are considered the most difficult in Europe;
- in this country there are incredibly many pet stores;
- the leader in the use of marijuana in Europe is not Holland at all, namely the Czech Republic;
- in the town of Kutna Hora there is a temple, completely built of human bones;
- in Prague is the largest castle in Europe;
- on old buildings in the Czech Republic it is forbidden to install satellite dishes - they spoil the appearance of old quarters;
- one of the most popular Czech souvenirs - a toy "croette" (the hero of the famous cartoon).
The territory of the Czech Republic is 78.86 thousand square kilometers. The population of the country exceeds the mark of ten million people.
The state is located in Central Europe andattracts a huge number of tourists. Travelers come to the Czech Republic to admire the most beautiful natural landscapes, to visit the first-class ski resorts, wander through the narrow medieval streets of ancient cities and taste the legendary Czech beer.