How did people in antiquity represent the earth?
Contrary to popular belief that people began to consider the earth as a ball only after loud geographical discoveries, modern ideas about the shape of the Earth were first expressed by Pythagoras (years of life ca. 60–480 BC). After him, the sphericity of the Earth was proved by Aristotle (384-322 BC). And the Greek scientist Eratosthenes, in 250 BC. er not only confirmed this theory, but also measured the radius of the Earth with great accuracy. However, many centuries before that, people imagined the Earth in a completely different way. And each nation had its own special presentation.
How did the land represent the ancient peoples
The inhabitants of ancient Babylon thought that the earth was a great mountain. On the western slope of this mountain, they placed their country, Babylonia, on the eastern side, impassable mountains, beyond which, according to their ideas, began the ends of the Earth. All parts of the world washed the endless sea. They regarded the sky as a hard dome that covers the Earth like an inverted bowl.They closely followed the movement of the heavenly bodies and made extensive astrological predictions.
Also in Babylon they believed that the abyss is located under the Earth, into which the souls of dead sinners fall.
Unlike the Babylonians, the ancient Jews did not consider the Earth a mountain. They lived on the plains and the mountains on the way they met not so often. The idea of the form of the earth that this ancient people had was clearly demonstrated by the prophet Isaiah. He wrote down in ancient manuscripts such words about God "He sits above the circle of the earth." Therefore, it is possible that the ancient Jews imagined the Earth, as we now, although it is not known for certain.
In India, they imagined that the Earth rests on the backs of elephants, which in turn stand on a huge tortoise. The turtle is standing on a snake, personifying the sky. Similar theories can be found in other nations, only there elephants are replaced by whales.
Residents of the ancient Altai
The legends preserved ideas about the Earth, which expressed the ancient people who lived on the territory of our Altai Territory. They believed that the land is located in the center, and around it stretch the waters of the Great Ocean.These waters at the edges of the Earth form a giant waterfall that rushes into an endless abyss.