How to grow grapes?
Grapes - tasty and healthy berry. However, we buy it more often than we grow it ourselves. Why not try to get a grape harvest on your own? This article will talk about how to grow grapes properly. Despite the fact that it is not very picky about the soil, bears fruit well and tolerates drought, the grapes require some special care and planting methods.
The most simple and at the same time effective method of reproduction of grapes is grafting. Many beginning amateur gardeners are interested in growing grapes from cuttings.
To grape grapes, you can use only those varieties that are resistant to grape Phylloxera - this is a small insect with a size of up to one millimeter that harms the developing root system. Therefore, if the variety does not have resistance to this insect, use another method of its reproduction, for example, grafting. Harvesting the vine for cuttings is necessary in the period from late autumn to the onset of frost.
The material for grafting should be an annual vine from a bush, which is well fruited and not sick. It should be a healthy, bright color and have a thickness of from 6 to 18 millimeters. Be sure to cut off the top of the vine - its immature part, and remove from it not yet fallen leaves and antennae. Now you should not divide the vine into cuttings, it is better to wait for it to overwinter.
After the vine has been prepared, it must be submerged in water for 2 to 4 days. After soaking, place it in a solution of potassium permanganate for 3 to 4 hours to disinfect. After that, wipe and vine from the remnants of water. Now you can pack it in sackcloth or any other convenient packaging material. The optimal storage temperature is from 0 to +5 degrees Celsius. Store the vine as you can in the basement or in the refrigerator, and prikopav to the depth of the bayonet in a shaded place.
Preparation and planting cuttings
After wintering, the vine must be unpacked and cut into cuttings, each of them should include up to 4 live buds. After the cuttings have been cut, put them in bags or boxes of soil and place them in a damp, dark place with a temperature of about 18-20 degrees.After the buds begin to germinate, begin to slightly accustom the plant to the light, gradually increasing its number. The soil should always be moderately wet.
When young twigs with 1-2 leaves grow on the cuttings, you can already think about planting them in open ground. It is best to plant Chubuk from the end of April to the end of May. More information about when you can plant grapes, you can read the article at: "When to plant grapes?".
Proper planting cutting
No matter how good the grape variety and the quality of the cuttings are, if you plant them incorrectly, you are unlikely to wait for a good survival rate of the bushes and an excellent harvest. Knowing how to grow grapes from Chubuk and plant it correctly, you can achieve excellent results!
Before planting, the cuttings are removed from the tanks and look at the length of the root system. If it is more than 20-25 centimeters, it is cut. Then the roots are dipped in a talker of clay and mullein, which is prepared in a 1: 1 ratio, then sprinkled with sifted humus.
For planting cuttings need to prepare a hole in advance. Its dimensions should be 80 x 80 x 80 cm, and 2-3 buckets of humus mixed with 200 g of superphosphate and 500 g of wood ash should be poured onto the bottom. On top of this mixture is poured 20 cm.fruitful soil, so that the depth of the pit as a result was about 50 cm. Now you need to pour about two buckets of water into the pit and after that in the center pour a small mound from simple soil without fertilizers.
The seedling is stirred in the center of the earthen slides at a depth of about 40 centimeters, evenly placing its roots on the sides of this hill. Now the sapling must be covered with soil for 40 centimeters, after which it should be poured abundantly. If you plant it deeper, the root system will develop poorly, and if it is higher, it will freeze in winter.
Now it remains to remember to water the bush, insulate it for the winter and spray it from pests. As you can see, growing grapes at home is quite simple, and it does not require much effort from you.
If you are thinking about how to grow grapes from a stone, then, most likely, you will have to disappoint you. Such plants will have all the properties of wilderness, no matter how well you do not care for them, you will not be able to achieve the same quality as that of the parent bush. Although with some varieties it is still possible to preserve their quality.
So you learned how to grow grapes.