The leek, which grows on a par withonions and rightfully competes with him for taste and vitamin qualities. For example, a leek contains more vitamins C, B, carotene and potassium salts. And to grow it is much easier, because it is not picky about the soil and is very resistant to various diseases. And its yield is much higher than that of onions.
It is a biennial plant with leaves like garlic.In the first year of life he releases a leg, the so-called false stem, which is used for food. And, of course, the leaves of an adult plant, especially the young, are used for food. Ways to use it the most diverse - in its raw form, in a salad under butter, in soups, etc. And if it is boiled and fried in oil, then for its taste and vitamin qualities, it is not inferior to sea kale. Being seasoned with sauce or mayonnaise is an excellent side dish to a meat or fish dish.
Leek-growing and hoopoe are not complicated.How is a leek grown? Of course, he is not picky about the soil, but the best yield of leeks will be on the fertilized, or well-moistened sandy soil.
If the soil is poor, apply fertilizers as follows per 1 sq. Km. m 3-4 kg of compost and 130 g of mineral fertilizers.
Leek growing at home
Leppe can easily grow in domesticconditions. To do this, you need a box filled with earth. It is best suited humus. Before sowing seeds, the ground needs to be slightly compacted and well watered. It is best to do this in late March. Seeds can be sown in two ways: solid and line. When sowing in line, small grooves should be sprinkled with a thin layer of sand (no more than 0.5 cm) or light soil, and then covered with a film and held at a temperature of 22-25 ° C.
Before the first shoots appear, the boxes must be kept inroom, and then put in a greenhouse or a greenhouse. In the first week of May, seedlings can be planted in the soil. A leek is grown, which is why many people like it, because it is not afraid of cold snap and temporary frosts.
But do not forget about the important nuance.Seedlings before planting in the ground must be hardened and for this, put the box on fresh open air and leave for a couple of days in a place protected from direct sunlight. This is necessary so that the plant does not subsequently fall ill from a sharp temperature jump.
Onion sowing growing and grooming
Onion cultivation and care, beyond which is not so simple,can be grown from seedling. However, in my opinion, it is more interesting to grow a seedling yourself. Many are intimidated and repelled by the laboriousness of the process of growing onions, but whoever is interested in it will easily grow an onion on their own in the country.
A month before sowing seeds, seeds should be checked for germination for this 15-30 seeds wrapped for two weeks in a damp cloth.
Seeds of onions before sowing can be saved inthe future of fungal diseases by lowering the seeds wrapped in gauze in hot water 45-55 ° C for 10 - 15 minutes. Then immediately cool in cold water for about a minute. And after a day in warm water.
Onions are best planted in an open sunny place. Well, if this land was previously grown potatoes, tomatoes or cabbage - they are excellent predecessors for onions.
Seeds are planted with ribbons convenient for youwidth, the main thing is that the distance between the lines is 10 cm. This is the key to convenience in the care of seedlings. Seeds are planted at a depth of 1 cm. Then gently compact the earth and pour from the watering can.
Remember that the onion of the seed is slowly rising and thereforeit must be covered with a film. To do this, it is better to pull it onto arcs, the height of which does not exceed 30 cm. The onion covered with a film will rise much faster, and moisture will be better preserved.
If the crop has been produced quite often, be sure to thin the onion.
Watering onions can be done once a week, if the weather is hot, then 2 times. An important condition for the care of sowing is the loosening of the soil and the timely removal of weeds.
Onions are harvested in early August, the first sign of ripening is the yellowed tops.
Onions are digged, dried and sorted by size for convenience of storage. The onion storage is stored at a temperature of 16-18 ° C.