Paraorbital hematoma: photo and treatment regimen
Probably, there is no person who wouldfor one reason or another, never wore a black eye. However, the consequences of such a trauma quickly disappear naturally. Another matter is paraorbital hematoma, which occurs in the same area, but is much more serious damage.
What is this injury? What complications can accompany this damage? What are the ways to eliminate the paraorbital eye hematoma? We will try to find answers to these and other questions later in the material.
Differences between bruises and bruises
What is the difference between paraorbital hematoma fromnormal bruise, which occurs around the eyes? Both injuries are a consequence of a soft tissue injury. However, these lesions have varying degrees of severity.
The bruise appears with a fairly weak bruise of the softtissues, which leads to the rupture of a small number of small capillaries. Damage is accompanied by the development of a moderate pain syndrome. The consequences of trauma quite quickly disappear naturally.
Parorbital hematoma, the photo of which can besee in the article, is classified as a second or third degree bruise. In such cases, stretching of soft and muscular tissues takes place. The formation of the hematoma is characterized by rupture of large vessels. Paraorbital hematoma is dangerous primarily due to a profuse subcutaneous hemorrhage.
Signs of formation of paraorbital hematoma
The formation of such trauma, as a rule, accompanies acute, increasing pain. Quite often there is dizziness. With such damage, the effect of twitching in the eyes is felt.
Parorbital hematoma often becomessymmetric. In this case, there is a so-called syndrome glasses. In other words, the paraorbital hematoma to the left extends also around the right eye. This phenomenon is a cause for alarm. Since the formation of the syndrome may indicate a fracture of the bridge of the nose, damage to bone tissue in the frontal zone.
Causes of injury
There are several common reasons for the formation of a hematoma of the paraorbital region:
- head trauma with hemorrhages in the subcutaneous fat layer;
- rupture of capillaries in people with delicate skin, thin vessels with the most minor strokes;
- the use of drugs that are designed to dilute blood, along with prolonged exposure to the sun.
From the actions of the victim immediately afterObtaining a bruise in the paraorbital area largely determines the nature of the pain syndrome and the size of the hematoma in the future. It is worth noting that the hemorrhage into the subcutaneous tissue does not cease after the stroke. Bleeding vessels can last for several hours. Therefore, after the onset of an injury, it is important to stop the blood immediately. For these purposes, it is better to resort to the imposition of an ice compress on the damaged area. Wrapped in tissue, cellophane or napkin, ice is applied to the site of the injury for fifteen to twenty minutes. Compress tightly pressed against the skin, which allows you to narrow the vessels and stop further hemorrhage. The faster these actions are performed, the smaller the area will be occupied by the hematoma.
Naturally, receiving first aid, it is necessarywithout delay, go to the examination to a qualified doctor. This will determine the severity of the damage and exclude the possibility of serious health consequences.
If the cause of the hematoma isparaorbital area is the damage to bone tissue, the injured person is sent to hospital for traumatology or a neurological department. Usually, therapy with this type of injury consists in strict adherence to bed rest, and also taking medications that remove puffiness and eliminate pain syndrome. These include antihypoxants, diuretics, neuroprotectors.
When the degree of severity of damage is limitedonly traumatism of soft tissues and blood vessels, apply methods of treatment aimed at prompt removal of swelling. To accelerate the process of blood resorption, gums under the skin, the affected patients are prescribed ointments, gels or creams, which contain vitamins P and C (heparin ointment, "Troxevasin", etc.).
Traditional methods of treatment
Traumatism of the paraorbital region is alwaysaccompanied by the appearance of major swelling. Without proper care, the tumor can persist for several weeks. Is it possible to quickly remove the consequences of injury by popular methods? In fact, it is far from always necessary to resort to the use of medicines. With a minor degree of damage, you can use the knowledge of our ancestors.
An excellent solution for swelling andRemoving the cyanotic area is a superposition of a mask made from raw potatoes. The latter is ground with a small grater. The formed gruel is wrapped in gauze or a piece of fabric. This compress is superimposed on the hematoma several times a day for 15-20 minutes.
Another fairly effective method isuse of ground leaves of cabbage, parsley, plantain or wormwood. The application of compresses from such plants also contributes to the rapid removal of puffiness.
As can be seen, the paraorbital hematoma representsa rather serious damage. There is a whole mass of solutions for self-management of the consequences of traumatism in the paraorbital area. However, when there is a hematoma in the presented zone, it is recommended to always undergo examination with a specialist. After all, this trauma is often accompanied by concussion, complicated swelling of the tissues, various circulatory disorders.