The first Buddhist temple in Moscow
Until 1991, Moscow was mainly operatingthere were orthodox churches, but with the coming into force of the law of the Constitution on the confession, which in the times of the Soviet Union acted only on paper, everything radically changed.
Now in the capital of the Russian Federation serviceare held not only for Orthodox Christians, synagogues and mosques are working, and soon the first Buddhist temple in Moscow will be built. This is truly a multiethnic city, where different religions peacefully coexist.
Republics of the Russian Federationand professed Buddhism, a lot. These include Kalmykia, Tyva, Buryatia, Altai and Zabaikalsky Krai, the Irkutsk Region, which in the total number is about 1 million people. In addition to these territories, this religion is widespread in cities such as St. Petersburg, Samara and Moscow, where its adherents form communities that unite hundreds of people.
The re-development of Buddhism in Russia began with1990's, when the faithful began to return the surviving churches and build new ones. To date, many schools are represented in the country: from Japanese Zen and Korean sleep to traditional Tibetan, as well as Mahayana and Theravada directions.
Although adherents of Buddhism, in comparison with otherconfessions, a little, he is a member of the four official religions of Russia. In 2009, for the first time, a forum was organized and held in Moscow, within the framework of which there was a talk between representatives of various schools about the future development of religion in the country. At present, more and more people of different nationalities are showing interest in Buddhism, which led to the construction of a Buddhist temple in Moscow, which will unite all schools under one roof.
Value of the complex
Apparently, the concepts of Buddhism become closefor many Russians, since the number of people adopting this religion is growing steadily. The need for a real sanctuary, which can accommodate several hundred people at once, arose long ago.
The construction of a Buddhist temple in Moscow isa symbol of the fact that representatives of different directions of this religion do not have contradictions with each other, they can conduct rituals under the roof of a single building for all. This complex will be open to anyone who wants to learn more about this religion. Here it is planned to hold seminars, lectures, exhibitions and training in basic practices.
The main goal of the temple complex will be the strengthening of spiritual ties between people within the framework of cooperation among themselves various Buddhist schools.
In the Otradnoye area, the temples of the mainreligions of Russia. There is an Orthodox church, a Muslim mosque, a synagogue, and now it is planned to erect the first Buddhist temple in Moscow. In fact, this will be a real complex, against which, unfortunately, some representatives of Orthodox communities spoke. The idea of uniting all four official religions in one area of the church is an indicator that regardless of denominations people should respect each other's religions and coexist in a single space.
The first Buddhist temple in Moscow (address: Novovladykinsky travel, ow. 15) will become a symbol of the unification of believers from all parts of the country, even where there are only small communities. For them, the presence of a temple complex, in which one can make a pilgrimage to conduct spiritual practices with representatives of different schools, is a confirmation of the recognition of this religion at the all-Russian level.
His Holiness the Dalai Lama blessedbuilding, appreciating the appearance of the temple in a region where there is no Buddhism. He gave the future complex the name "Tubden Shedubling", noting that he should become the center that spread the teachings of the Buddha.
Temple complex: The main temple
Designed as an educational and cultural center, the Buddhist temple in Moscow (the photo below shows it) represents several buildings, united in a single composition.
The total construction area is 2875 m2, of which 1186 m2will take the complex itself, which will include:
- a cult room with an area of 600 m2;
- conference hall - about 300 m2;
- medical building - 334 m2;
- the library will take 222 m.2;
- charitable canteen - more than 470 m2.
The center of the complex will be the main temple - a three-story building, which will house:
- on the 1st floor - a hall for prayers, a charitable canteen and premises for monks;
- The 2nd floor will be a place for meditations, conferences and lectures, these rooms are waiting for guests here;
- The third floor is the library and administration offices.
On the ground floor in the building there are offices of the center of oriental medicine, a dressing room and a waiting room.
The territory of the complex and the Small Temple
The Buddhist temple in Moscow is built exclusively on the donations of believers and will have a territory decorated in a traditional for this religion style.
The entire free area is subject to gardening withthe subsequent installation of religious symbols, and a fence with traditional southern gates will be built along the perimeter. Among the religious sculptures will be presented those that are important objects for believers in the countries where they live.
A small temple is rather an auxiliary building, consisting of a single-storey building with a basement.
Room for relics
The Stupa of the Enlightenment is traditionally on oneline with the sacred gate and the doors of the main temple, is located on its north side. Each Buddhist temple has a similar structure. The description of this cult building in different countries has common features.
Stupa Enlightenment consists of 3 floors, whereonly the lower is the place for rituals. The second and third floors consist of cells completely isolated from the outside world, in which relics are kept. On the upper tier of the Stupa of the Enlightenment an open-ended niche is constructed, where a Buddha statue is erected, it crowns all decorative pommel. On the ground level there will also be isolated cells with relics.
This is how the first Buddhist temple in Moscow will be seen not only by believers, but by all residents and guests of the capital who are interested in this religion.