"Volkswagen-Passat" wagon: history, model description
The Volkswagen Passat debuted in 1973.And now for forty years he enjoys great popularity among motorists. Since the release of the first Passat, more than 14 million representatives of this brand have been sold. The first models were produced in two body styles: a three-door and a five-door hatchback. However, in January 1974 the first "Volkswagen-Passat" station wagon rolled off the assembly line. This model immediately won the fame of a family car thanks to its spacious luggage compartment.
The first cars were equipped with three types of gasoline units, the most powerful of them is 115 liters. from.
In 1977, the second generation"Passat", including the "Volkswagen Passat" station wagon. The designers slightly modernized the body of cars, they have plastic-lined aerodynamic bumpers. And in 1978 the world saw the first diesel "Passat". Engine power was only 50 liters. with., but the car was very economical - 7.5 liters with a mixed cycle.
Volkswagen engineers did not stop atachieved, constantly improving their cars - "Passat" increased in size and got its own style, acquired an updated rear suspension. The model range was replenished with a four-door sedan. In 1984, the first all-wheel drive Volkswagen Passat wagon appeared. And after a year all versions of the Passat began to be equipped with catalytic converters of waste gases.
In 1988, the cars of the thirdgeneration. "Volkswagen-Passat" В3 (station wagon) has become even larger, and the wheelbase is longer. Changed and the placement of power units, the designers refused longitudinal placement and "turned" it across the engine compartment. In 1991, the V-line engine VR-line (174 hp) was added to the line, thanks to which the car could accelerate to 224 km / h.
In 1993, the cars debuted the fourthgeneration - B4. A new generation of Volkswagen Passat wagon is characterized by the advent of passive protection: two airbags. And also means of active protection - anti-lock system. The appearance of the car also changed: it had a classic radiator grille instead of a closed front end.
And already in 1996 there was a presentation of the fifthgeneration "Passat". New cars opened a new section of Passat history - to a higher class of cars. The line of aggregates is represented by three motors: 1.6 l (100 hp), 2.3 l (150 hp) and 2.8 l (193 hp). Significantly improved the quality of the car, increased passive protection. In 1998, a new engine appeared: a turbo-diesel with direct injection (115 hp).
In March 2005, the sixthgeneration "Passat" - B6. A bit later, the Variant V6 appeared - the Volkswagen Passat wagon. The photos presented in the article allow you to make an objective opinion about this model. It has a huge luggage compartment volume from 603 to 1731 liters. Auto is designed on the upgraded and enlarged A1 platform.
Seventh generation of "Passat" received severalmotors: basic 1.6 l (102 hp), with direct injection of 1.6 l (115 hp) and 2.0 l (150 hp), diesel 1.9 l (105 hp). s.) and 2.0 liters (140 hp). A little later was added a six-cylinder engine with a capacity of 3.2 liters capacity of 250 liters. from. The engines are equipped with mechanical 5 or 6-stepped boxes. And also a 6-speed automatic transmission.