Which router is better to buy? Which WiFi router is better to buy?
Consultants in hardware stores rarely give good advice, and often just vparivayut the most expensive models, which while not always cope with their tasks.
In order not to overpay for the brand and unnecessarycharacteristics, you need to have at least a minimal idea of what determines the operation of the device. Therefore, today we will talk about which router is better to buy depending on your personal preferences and needs.
What do you need to know from the provider?
Some characteristics depend heavily on your Internet service provider and the features of your tariff.
First of all, call the provider and find out,what type of WAN port it uses. WAN is a connector to which a cable is directly connected to an apartment. There are only 3 types of connection:
- through a telephone line (this requires a router with a DSL port, ADSL or VDSL);
- a special Internet channel (Ethernet / FTTB);
- on a modern fiber optic network (CPON, CEPON, PON).
Also on the market are 3G-routers - theyspecially adapted to work with mobile Internet. If the budget allows, you can take a universal router that supports several formats (for example, Ethernet + DSL or Ethernet + 3G).
The second point is speed. Which router is better to buy so that the Internet works faster? To begin, specify which tariffs the provider offers, and estimate what is right for you. Starting from this, we will choose a model with suitable characteristics.
In the technical characteristics of the routeralways indicate the maximum data transfer rate. Remember: this number shows only the theoretical capabilities of the device, without taking into account the interference and distance. In reality, the Internet will work 2.5-3 times slower.
The signal speed depends on the standard that the WiFi router supports:
- 802.11ac is the most modern version, it is theoretically capable of delivering up to 1.3 Gbit / s;
- 802.11n - occurs most often, provides speeds of up to 600 Mbps;
- 802.11g is an outdated standard that limits the connection to 54 Mbps.
However, do not rush to buy the newest"heaped" router. After all, the capabilities of your technology are important. The vast majority of gadgets now work with 802.11n, and therefore simply will not be able to process a faster signal.
We pass to parameters that depend no longer onprovider, but on your personal preferences and needs. It is impossible to say which is better to buy a WiFi router if you do not consider how and for what the device will be used. What should I look for?
Number of LAN ports
Usually stationary equipment that needsA stable Internet connection (computers, TVs, consoles, etc.) is connected to the router via a cable. This provides a maximum speed that does not depend on interference and distance.
In most standard routers4 LAN connectors are provided. But if you have a lot of equipment, it makes sense to choose a model with additional ports. For example, ASUS RT-AC88U and TP-LINK TL-R860 allow you to connect up to 8 devices, and the new MikroTik RB2011UiAS-IN - up to 10.
Note the type of LAN ports. Fast Ethernet connectors are designed for 100 Mbps, and Gigabit Ethernet provides data transmission at speeds up to 1 Gb / s.
Another important characteristic. WiFi-routers can work at a frequency of 2.4 or 5 GHz. More modern models support both channels, and can distribute data between ranges.
What do you need to consider? First, what equipment will be connected to the router:
- 2.4 GHz is optimal for smartphones, tablets and office equipment;
- 5 GHz gives a faster and more stable connection, so it's recommended for devices that work with heavier content - TVs, set-top boxes, etc.
Please note that not all gadgets can receive a signalat a frequency of 5 GHz. But if there are many routers around your apartment that can interrupt the signal, it is this channel that is preferable. Switching to a higher frequency will increase the data rate, but will slightly reduce the coverage radius of the wireless network.
Buyers rarely pay attention to this parameter, but it is much more important than the theoretical maximum speed.
In the budget models, power rarely exceeds 17dBm. And this means that the signal device can "punch" a maximum of two walls. But it's not so simple: practically all countries have legislative restrictions on the maximum permissible power. The upper threshold for the 2.4 GHz frequency is 20 dBm - it is from these models that you should choose if you have a spacious apartment.
Radius of action
Often on the box and in the technical documentationwrite the distance covered by the network. The radius is indicated separately inside and outside the premises. But if we talk about which WiFi router is better to buy, then this indicator is very relative. A pair of thick reinforced concrete walls "kill" the signal of even the most powerful routers. 70% of everything depends not on the device itself, but on the premises.
Type and number of antennas
A common mistake of buyers is to think thatthe energy from several antennas will be summed. But if there are three of them, this does not mean that the network will operate 3 times farther or "break through" more walls. This can only make the connection more stable, and coverage is uniform.
But what is worth paying attention to? First of all, this type of antenna - built-in or external. As practice has shown, in a city apartment the difference between them is almost invisible. But if it is a large room, it is advisable to choose a model with external antennas. This will ensure a more stable coverage, and if necessary, you can replace them with more powerful ones.
In many ways, the quality of the antenna depends on theThe chip that it uses. Therefore, one more parameter worth looking at is the gain factor. To increase the radius and quality of the signal, several types of antennas can be used:
- standard - amplification up to 2 dBi;
- omnidirectional (9 dBi);
- panel (19 dBi);
- parabolic (24 dBi).
Which router is better to buy? On sale there are models with the number of antennas from 1 to 4. For a single-story house or a city apartment, an optimal router for 2-3 antennas with a gain of about 5 dBi. It is desirable to position the antennas vertically or at a slight angle to each other.
Models with one or more USB ports aremore expensive, but open up to the user a lot of additional features. By connecting a drive to the WiFi-router, you can create a common data store, to which all devices in the network can connect. In addition, if the cable Internet stops working, you can go online with a wireless USB-modem.
Many manufacturers release routers that, in addition to their main function of "distributing" the Internet, have other useful functions.
3G / 4G
It is very important if you often work in different places, including in the countryside. Built-in 3G-modem allows you to connect to the Internet through networks of cellular operators.
Also on sale you can find specialized routers. Let's briefly describe which mobile router is better to buy.
The most practical option is multi-standardThe models that can work with any operators. To select another network, it is enough to change the SIM card or switch over via the web interface of the device.
Note which standards the router supports. EVDO Rev.B can deliver up to 14.7 Mbps, and UMTS / HSDPA are considered to be faster and capable of operating at speeds up to 42 Mbps.
If the router is used in places with a weak signal level (for example, in rural areas), it is recommended to select a device with the ability to connect its antenna.
Among the popular models can be noted routers Pantech MHS291L, Novatei MiFi 6620L Rev.B, ZTE AC30.
Which router is better to buy? In 2014, there was a real "boom" - people began to massively switch from conventional cable to IPTV. Digital television provides much better sound and image. At the same time, you can watch any channels from around the world, as well as use additional functions such as rewind and record transmission.
Multiple Access Points
Useful "chip" - an opportunity with the help of onerouter to create not one, but several wireless networks. First of all, this is relevant for offices and retail spaces, when there is a need to separate traffic between employees and visitors. For example, you can restrict clients access to various network equipment (computers, servers, etc.).
If you often download movies in highquality, games and other content, it makes sense to choose a WiFi router with a built-in torrent client. In this case, the router will be able to download the necessary files to the connected drive in the background instead of loading the computer or laptop itself.