Wind Instruments: List, Titles
Virtually all orchestras are presentwind musical instruments. A list of them will be given in this article. Also here is information about the types of wind instruments and the principle of extracting sound from them.
These are pipes that can be made ofwood, metal or any other material. They have a different shape and produce different timbre musical sounds that are extracted through the airflow. The timbre of the "voice" of the wind instrument depends on its size. The larger it is, the more air passes through it, from which the frequency of its oscillation is less, and the sound produced is low.
There are two ways to change the pitch of the sound produced by this type of instrument:
- adjustment of the air volume by fingers, with the help of a link, valves, valves and so on, depending on the type of instrument;
- Increase the force of blowing the air column into the pipe.
The sound depends entirely on the airflow, hence the name - wind instruments. Their list will be given below.
Varieties of wind instruments
There are two main types - copper andwooden. Initially, they were classified in this way depending on the material from which they were made. Now the type of instrument is more dependent on the way in which the sound is extracted from it. For example, a flute is considered a wooden wind instrument. At the same time, it can be made of wood, metal or glass. Saxophone is always produced only by metal, but belongs to the class of woodwinds. Copper tools can be made of various metals: copper, silver, brass and so on. There is a special type - keyboard wind instruments. The list is not so great. These include harmonium, organ, accordion, melodic, bayan. The air in them comes through special furs.
What tools are related to wind instruments?
We list the wind instruments. Their list is as follows:
- French horn;
- labial accordion;
- Macedonian guide;
You can name some other similar tools.
Brass copper musical instruments, as alreadywas said above, they are made of various metals, although in the Middle Ages there were also those that made of wood. The sound from them is extracted by strengthening or weakening the blown air, and also by changing the position of the lips of the musician. Initially, the brass winds reproduced only the natural scale. In the 30s of the 19th century, they were replaced with valves. This allowed such instruments to reproduce the chromatic scale. The trombone for these purposes serves as a sliding wedge.
Copper-wind instruments (list):
- French horn;
Musical instruments of this type were originallymade exclusively of wood. To date, this material is practically not used for their production. The name reflects the principle of sound extraction - inside the tube is a wooden cane. These musical instruments are provided with holes on the body, located at a strictly defined distance from each other. The musician opens and closes his fingers while playing with his fingers. Thanks to this, a certain sound is obtained. By this principle, woodwinds sound. The names (list) included in this group are as follows:
Tongue Musical Instruments
There is another kind of wind -reed. They sound thanks to a flexible vibrating plate (tab), located inside. The sound is extracted by exposure to air, or by pulling and tearing. On this basis, you can create a separate list of tools. Spiritual reed divides into several types. They are classified by the method of extraction of sound. It depends on the type of the tongue, which can be metallic (for example, as in the tubes of the organ), freely slipping (as in the harp and harmonics), or beating, or reed, as in cane woodwinds.
List of tools of this type:
To wind instruments with free rollingtongue are: bayan, harmonica, accordion. In them, air is injected by blowing a musician's mouth, or by furs. The airflow causes the tongues to oscillate and thus the sound is extracted from the instrument. The harp also belongs to this type. But his tongue does not vibrate under the influence of the air column, but with the help of the hands of the musician, through his tearing and pulling. Oboe, bassoon, saxophone and clarinet belong to a different type. In them, a tongue is a beating, and it is called a cane. The musician blows air into the instrument. As a result, the tongue oscillates and the sound is extracted.
Where to use wind instruments
Wind instruments, the list of which waspresented in this article, are used in various orchestras. For example: military, wind, symphonic, variety, jazz. And also occasionally they can act as part of a chamber ensemble. Very rarely they are soloing.
This is a woodwind instrument. The list of pipes belonging to this type was given above.
The flute is one of the oldest musicaltools. It does not use a tongue, as in other woodwinds. Here, the air is dissected against the edge of the instrument itself, due to which the sound is formed. There are several varieties of flutes.
Syringa - single-barreled or multi-barreledtool of Ancient Greece. Its name comes from the name of the bird's vocal organ. Multi-barrel siring later became known as Pan's flute. On this instrument in ancient times, peasants and shepherds played. In ancient Rome, syringa accompanied performances on stage.
Recorder is a wooden instrument related tothe whistle family. To her close sopilka, pipe and whistle. Its difference from other woodwinds is that on its back side there is an octave valve, that is, a hole for closing with a finger, on which the height of the remaining sounds depends. They are extracted by blowing air and closing the musician's fingers with 7 holes located on the front side. This kind of flute was the most popular between the 16th and 18th centuries. Its timbre is soft, melodious, warm, but its capabilities are limited. In many of his works, such great composers as Antonia Vivaldi, Johann Sebastian Bach, Georg Friedrich Händel and others used the recorder. The sound of this instrument is weak, and gradually its popularity has decreased. It happened after the transverse flute appeared, which today is the most used one. In our time, the recorder is used mainly as a teaching tool. Beginning flutists master it first, only then go to the longitudinal.
Flute-piccolo - a kind of transverse. She has the highest of all wind instruments timbre. Its sound is whistling and piercing. Piccolo is half the length of an ordinary transverse flute. Its range is from "re" to "to" the fifth.
Other kinds of flutes: transverse, panfleet, di, Irish, ken, flute, pizhatka, whistle, okarina.
This is a brass instrument (the list ofthis family was presented in this article above). The word "trombone" is translated from Italian as a "big trumpet". There is from the 15th century. From other instruments of this group the trombone differs in that it has a link-tube, with which the musician extracts sounds, changing the volume of air flow inside the instrument. There are several types of trombones: tenor (the most common), bass and alto (less often used), contrabass and soprano (practically not used).
This is a Chinese wind instrument,having additional tubes. Another name is bilandao. In total, he has three or four tubes - one main (melodic) and several bourdon (low-sounding) ones. The sound of this instrument is soft, melodic. Most often, the hoolios are used for solo performance, very rarely in the ensemble. Traditionally, this instrument was played by men, explaining to a woman in love.